- By: Jim Klug
Belize is a small country roughly the size of Massachusetts. It has a total land area of 8,867 square miles and a population of 255,000. With just under 30 inhabitants per square mile, Belize is Central America's most sparsely populated nation. Almost 50 per cent of the country has been protected as parkland or nature preserve, which partly explains Belize’s reputation as a pristine adventurer’s paradise. Belize is bounded on the north by Mexico and on the south and west by Guatemala. The beautiful Caribbean Sea washes its 174-mile coastline to the east. No other Central American country offers such an intriguing mix of tropical forests rich with wildlife, majestic 3,675-foot mountains, mysterious Mayan temples, and diving and fishing experiences beyond compare.
Belize is a country of various cultures, languages and ethnic groups. The Belizeans are a mix of Creole, Garifuna, Mestizo, Spanish, Mayan, English, Mennonite, Asian, and Eastern Indian.
Weather and Climate
The clmate in Belize is subtropical, with continuous, prevailing breezes from the Caribbean Sea. The country has an average temperature of 79 degrees Fahrenheit. Ocean breezes nicely temper the humidity. During summer, the temperature rarely exceeds 96 degrees Fahrenheit. Winter lows are seldom below 65 degrees Fahrenheit, even at night. On the flats, the water temperature varies between 75 degrees Fahrenheit and 84 degrees Fahrenheit throughout the year. Annual rainfall ranges from 50 inches in the north to 170 inches in the south. The traditional rainy season is between June and August and the dry season is between February and May. Average humidity throughout the year is 85 per cent.